Our selection of hop plants are commercial varieties normally grown for brewing, except for GOLDEN TASSELS which is an ornamental variety grown specifically for its golden yellow foliage. The rhysomes are certified material from virus tested stock produced in England.Each variety differs slightly in colour, shape & size, and aroma & alpha acid content (which is important for brewers).All the varieties, except “Golden Tassels” produce a green flower cone in late summer and is an attractive climbing addition to any garden.The best time to plant hops is during the winter months when the plant is dormant, but please be aware, hops need cold conditions in the winter, particularly Goldings and Bramling Cross otherwise they will not grow.
FUGGLE is one of the oldest available varieties, developed by the Reverend Richard Fuggles in 1856. This variety tends to crop more heavily towards the head of the plant and produces very large flowers sometimes referred to as banana hops. Fuggles are highly prized by traditional brewers and produce a light flavoured beer . The aroma is earthier and less sweet than Kent Goldings. It has been revered ever since as the classic aroma hop for British Bitters and Pale Ales, often used in combination with Goldings. Fuggles are also suitable for Porters and Stouts. The alpha acid content ranges from 3%-5.5%.
PHOENIX is an early flowering variety. It is heavily fruiting with a dark coloured stem. This variety tends to crop very evenly throughout the length of the plant and is a very pretty hop to look at. A dual purpose hop providing the brewing industry with a mild aroma and slightly spicy flavour. Alpha acid 9%-13%
CHALLENGER Bred at Wye in 1972, Challenger is the granddaughter of Northern Brewer. A columnar hop, it is small and heavily fruiting with a dark coloured stem. This variety tends to crop fairly evenly throughout the length of the plant. Challenger is a dual purpose hop providing the brewing industry with an aroma and alpha acid hop suitable in both lagers and bitters. Challenger is the preferred hop for Bass Best Bitter. Alpha w/w6.5 – 8.5%
This is a group of traditional and very popular English aroma hops grown prior to 1790. Widely cultivated also in the U.S. They are called East Kent Goldings if grown in East Kent, Kent Goldings if grown in mid-Kent, and Goldings if grown elsewhere in the U.K. Goldings have a smooth, sweet flavour. Most types of Goldings will work in place of another (Whitbread Golding Variety for East Kent Goldings) Just to confuse you – do note that Styrian Goldings are not of this family.
Varieties of Goldings are COBBS, REDSELLS EASTWELL, EARLY BIRD, CALAIS GOLDING and MATHON ;
COBBS is an East Kent Golding variety producing small ‘pea hops’ which grow heavily towards the head of the plant. Favoured variety for producing typical English bitters.
REDSELLS EASTWELL is a Golding selection made at Tony Redsell’s (a local grower) farm in 1988 when Wye College was trying to find Viroid free stock of all varieties. It is a true Kentish Eastwell Golding. Alpha acid of around 5% Probably one of the most vigorous and higher yielding Golding varieties. This hop flowers heavily and is a favoured variety for producing traditional English bitters with a typical English aroma.
EARLY BIRD is an early flowering variety , favoured for producing traditional English bitters. This variety was widely grown in the Canterbury area.
CALAIS GOLDING is a true Golding, almost identical to Early Bird but heavier yielding & early maturing.
MATHON An English aroma hop of the golding group. Origin Mathon in Worcestershire. This variety is vigorous, yielding high numbers of cones, however, it is susceptible to both downy and powdery mildew. This hop was used widely in traditional ales and late hopped lagers.
BRAMLING CROSS is an aroma variety, also known as OPT48. A cross between the English Bramling Golding variety and an American male. The cones tend to be very round in shape and they have a very distinctive American aroma. Best suited to the darker stronger types of beers.
W.G.V. Whitbread Golding Variety is a slightly wilt tolerant Golding type, specifically selected by Whitbread for their use, it has the characteristics of both Fuggles and Goldings. It has a green stem with a light green leaf. The cones are slightly smaller than traditional Goldings. W.G.V. is usually used in combination with other types of hops. Bred in 1911 , it is not a true Golding but is not dissimilar, it is more robust with distinguishing sweet fruity note. Alpha acid 5.0%-8.0%
NORTHERN BREWER was developed in England in 1934 from a cross between a Canterbury Golding female plant and the male plant OB21. Grown in Europe and America as a dual-purpose hop, but mainly used for bittering in combination with other hops. A strong woody/earthy/fruity aroma and unique mint-like evergreen flavour. Alpha acid 8%-10%
NORTHDOWN is is a dual purpose English hop developed in 1970s. It is a relative of Challenger & Target, has a mild flavour and aroma, and gives a pleasant bitterness. Well suited to heavier beers. Alpha acid 7.5%-9.5%
TARGET is a mid to high alpha hop, bred from Kent Goldings in 70’s at Wye. Target has a red stem like Challenger but with a deeper green leaf. The cone is smaller but more abundant, with a higher alpha than Challenger. Very resistant to disease. Used in the production of good quality bitters and pale ales. Alpha acid 9.5%-12.5%
PROGRESS was developed in the 60’s at Wye as a replacement to Fuggles. Similar to Fuggles however it has a degree of wilt tolerance. It has big, bold green cones, and combines fine aromas with good alpha acid content and is used together with Goldings to produce good class bitters and pale ales. Alpha acid 5%-7%
BREWERS GOLD is a bittering hop developed in 1919. It has a resiny, spicy aroma/flavor with hints of black currant.
NOTTS EASTWELL GOLDING Eastwell Golding is an English hop variety developed at Eastwell Park, outside of Ashford, Kent. This hop plant is a clonal selection very similar to other Golding hops and shares the flavour and aroma characteristics. It also has similarities to Fuggle. Poor resistance to disease. Alpha acids range from 5% to 5.5%.
BULLION This was an important variety in its day; developed in the 1940s it has been superseded by more modern high alpha hops. Bullion is a bittering hop with a strong blackcurrant aroma. Bullion was used in the production of stouts.
Similar hops to this variety are: Brewers Gold, Chinook, Columbus, Galena.
GALENA A US hop variety developed by the department of agriculture, Idaho in 1978. This is a high alpha hop producing compact, medium sized cones.
YEOMAN sometimes called Wye Yeoman, bred at Wye College in the 70’s. It has a high alpha acid 12.0%-16%, and is a bittering type of hop.
WILLAMETTE Is a seedling of Fuggle. A popular aroma hop with a fragrant spicy woody aroma. An American aromatic hop for ales and lagers. Alpha acid 4-6%
OMEGA A variety which includes Challenger in its parenting, is a high alpha hop developed at Wye College here in Kent. This variety never took off as it was too low yielding as well as being susceptible to a latent hop viroid which further reduced its popularity. The aroma content of the hop has been described by the experts as “pleasantly European in style”………whatever that means!
EARLY CHOICE Bred at Wye in 1927, it is not commercially widely grown but is increasingly being used by brewers as an acceptable alternative for Golding flavours. High yielding, low alpha
ZENITH Another Wye College creation from the 1970s, this is a dual purpose hop having good acids and strong aroma. Zenith produces good yields of hops and has some resistance to downy and powdery mildew. Could be substituted with Northern Brewer, Yeoman or Target. This variety can be used in all beer types from a lager to a stout.
CASCADE is used by American Microbrewers, these hops have a very high level of some of the essential oils. They have a distinct citrus/grapefruit aroma all of their own. Historically not widely used in the U.K., it is now being introduced into some English beers. a Fuggle x Russian cross. Alpha 4.5-6%
CENTENNIAL is a dual purpose hop with a strong citrus-floral character. Bred in America in the 70’s. A cross between Brewer’s Gold, Fuggle, East Kent Golding & Bavarian Alpha acid 9.5-11%
NUGGET a bittering type cultivar, bred in the 70’s. It has a heavy herbal/ floral, resiny aroma. Alpha acid 12.5-14.5%.
GALENA mellow, high alpha and a good general purpose hop grown in the USA. Alpha acid 7.5-9%
HALLERTAU MITTLEFRUEH is an aroma hop. Mild spicy flavour. Alpha acid 3 .5-5.5%
PERLE is a german dual purpose hop, spicey and slightly floral/fruity
LIBERTY a Hallertau cross, an aromatic variety Alpha acid 10-12.6%
MAGNUM a bittering/aroma type cultivar, bred in the 80’s in Germany. Alpha acid 10-12.6%
MOUNT HOOD a half sister to Liberty, an aroma variety Alpha acid 4-6%
SAAZ is a hop used extensively to flavor pale Czech lagers, in particular true pilsner beer. Cinnamon-spicy, earthy. Alpha acid 3%
STYRIAN GOLDING is a Slovenian variant of Fuggles, but similar to East Kent Goldings. Used in English ales and Belgian strong ales amongst others. From eastern Europe.
CHINOOK another dual purpose hop, developed in 1985, but from NW USA this time. Chinook is a cross between the English variety Petham Golding with the attractively named male USDA 63012. The plant produces hops with high alpha but an aroma with a distinctive pine smell. This variety is widely used in American hoppy ales. Alpha acid 12-14%
PRIMA DONNA (otherwise known as First Gold) This is a dwarf variety, designed to grow to a height of 2 meters in a hedgerow system. If left to its own devices this hop will ramble over a trellis like any other variety. Bred at Wye in the this is a plant at the cutting edge of hop breeding. Prima Donna is used to produce a traditional light bitter.
GOLDEN TASSELS is our only ornamental variety, grown mainly for its golden foliage and cones. It may grow to a height of 2m-3m.